A beginner's guide to dog park etiquette
Daily trips to the dog park are becoming an increasingly popular activity, particularly for urban dwellers
with little access to open spaces. While dog parks vary greatly, a typical dog park is fenced and has
separate, double-gated entry and exit points. If all users understand and follow the rules of the park, it can
be a fun and social event for dogs and owners alike. If etiquette isn't followed, it can quickly spoil the dog
park for everyone and create an unsafe environment.
Remember, not all dogs are appropriate for dog parks or enjoy playing with others. Your dog should be at
least six months old, in good health, fully vaccinated, enjoy the company of most other dogs, and be
responsive to basic cues, such as "come," "sit," and "leave it," so you can control him if necessary.
Ideally, dogs should be spayed or neutered to reduce the likelihood of fights and prevent unwanted
pregnancies. Puppies not fully immunized yet are at a higher risk for contracting diseases, and puppies
under six months old are very vulnerable to being traumatized by another dog's inappropriate behaviour.
Your first few visits
Visit the park without your dog to observe the interactions between dogs and humans and to familiarize
yourself with bylaws and posted rules (typically posted at the perimeter). Do the dogs appear friendly?
Are the humans cooperative? If satisfied, arrange to take your dog to the park the first few times during
non-peak hours (mornings, weekday evenings and weekends are usually busiest). Always observe the
other dogs at play before entering the gate. Only enter if the other dogs look like they are appropriate
playmates. If there are designated areas for small and big dogs, use them accordingly; these are provided
for their safety and comfort.
What you need
Bring water and plenty of bags for scooping poop. Leave your toys at home. Regardless of your dog's
reaction to toys, other dogs may have issues with guarding behaviour. Your dog should be wearing a flat
buckle collar and remain leashed until safely in the park. Remove your dog's leash as soon as you enter
the off-leash area. Mixing on-leash and off-leash dogs can cause stress in the leashed dogs, which may
lead to aggression.
Help keep your dog from getting overly excited and out of control by frequently (and briefly) interrupting
the play to ask for a sit etc., then reward with a yummy treat. You may also use play with other dogs as a
reward for quick sits by releasing the dog with the request "Go play!" Dog parks are an excellent place to
work on some basic cues with distractions. Be prepared for other dogs to pester you for treats. Do not
feed someone else's dog without permission from the owner, and be aware that you may need to quickly
conceal your treats from some exploring noses!
How to keep play fun and safe
While many owners at dog parks socialize as much as their dogs, it's important that playing dogs are
monitored closely at all times for their own safety. If you are in the park and see new visitors arrive,
discourage your dog from "rushing" the new dog at the gate. Call your dog to you and give him a pet
before sending him off to greet the newcomers. Understand your dog's body language and watch for signs
of stress which indicate that he has had enough. Yawning, licking, turning away/turning of the head,
laying down, freezing in place, and walking slowly may be some indicators that he wants a break.
If your dog is bullying, or is being bullied, leave the park. Bullying may occur when one dog (or a group
of dogs) is persistently pursuing another dog. Chasing left uninterrupted can also turn into predatory
behaviour - so interrupt it frequently to give the dogs a "time-out" (perhaps after a few "race laps"). If
you're unsure if the other dog is enjoying your dog's attentions, lead your dog away by the collar five
steps and then watch. If the dog follows, then the play is appropriate and reciprocal. If you're unsure of
your dog's enjoyment, ask the other dog's owner to lead his dog away. Always respect the other owner's
If you bring children with you, please supervise them at all times. Young children are not recommended.
Children should not race around, wave toys and sticks, yell, scream or approach dogs that they don't
Used appropriately, dog parks are a great way for dogs and owners to have fun and make new friends. By
following the rules of the park, being considerate of other owners and dogs, and closely supervising your
own dog, you will contribute to the safe and inviting atmosphere many parks enjoy. Happy playing!